Over 700 programming languages are available in the market, but which one should you choose? Coding is becoming a trend among learners around the world. Also, many custom software developing companies like Intetics are using advanced programming languages to create more effective solutions.
It clearly makes sense why choosing the right language is important for developers. Here, we have shown the top 10 most powerful languages.
Developed in: 1991
Developed by: Guido van Rossum (Python Software Foundation)
Due to its simplicity, readability, and versatility, Python is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages. It has an English-like syntax, which makes it easy to learn by beginners.
Python has vast libraries like Django, Flask, TensorFlow, SciPy, Keras, pandas, and Tkinter, which makes it best for developing web & desktop apps, data analysis, scripting, computing, and much more.
Developed in: 1996
Developed by: James Gosling and Sun Microsystems (acquired by Oracle Corporation)
Java is often considered a high-level language with its platform independence. Java code can run on all the developing platforms having a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) implementation, making it “write once, run anywhere” (WORA).
It is a pure object-oriented programming (OOP) language, which means that everything in Java is an object. The syntax of Java is often considered clear and easy to understand. Also, its built-in multithreading support and memory management make it developer-friendly.
Developed in: 1995
Developed by: Brendan Eich at Netscape Communications Corporation
Not only that, it is supported by all major web browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
Developed in: 1985
Developed by: Bjarne Stroustrup
C++ originated as the extension of the C programming language due to its compatibility and addition of OOP features. C++ is a strongly typed and multi-paradigm language that supports both procedural and object-oriented programming.
It is used in diverse domains, including systems programming (e.g., operating systems), game development (e.g., Unreal Engine), embedded systems (e.g., IoT devices), scientific computing, and high-frequency trading systems.
Developed in: 2000
Developed by: Anders Hejlsberg (Microsoft Corporation)
C# was developed as part of the .NET framework, including .NET Core, .NET5+, and so on. It is widely used to develop applications for Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and more. Just like Java, C# also has an automatic memory management system. In simple words, developers do not need to manually allocate or deallocate memory.
6. Go (Golang)
Developed in: 2009
Developed by: Google Inc. (primarily by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson)
Go was designed to create large-scale software systems with great simplicity. It introduces the concept of “goroutines,” lightweight threads that allow developers to write concurrent code more easily. It works with web frameworks like “net/http” to build web servers and API.
Developed in: 1995
Developed by: Yukihiro Matsumoto (Matz)
Ruby is a dynamically typed, object-oriented, and high-level language that’s mainly used for developing web servers, web crawling, web scraping, and DevOps. It is known for its readable syntax and other developer-friendly features such as Internationalization (i18n) Support, Global Interpreter Lock (GIL), and more.
It has RubyGems as the package manager, Ruby on Rails (Rails) as a web application framework, and a newly developed “Ruby 3×3” initiative.
Developed in: 2014
Developed by: Chris Lattner, Doug Gregor, John McCall, Ted Kremenek, and Joe Groff (Apple Inc.)
In order to replace the traditional language for iOS and macOS apps, Objective-C, Apple announced the introduction of Swift at the Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) 2014. It was made for strong code safety and performance with multiple features such as open source, cross-platform development, and more.
It has two strong development environment, Swift playgrounds and Xcode, which is mainly used for coding, debugging, learning, prototyping, and testing Swift applications. Automatic reference counting (ARC) works for automated memory management, and SwiftUI works best for UI development of iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS apps.
Developed in: 1993
Developed by: Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman
R works efficiently for statistical computing, data analysis, and data visualization. It is an open-source language for various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux, under GNU General Public License (GPL). It is still evolving, but it could be proven as the most powerful language in the future.
Developed in: 2011
Developed by: JetBrains (specifically by Andrey Breslav and team)
It is considered as the official programming language for Android app development alongside Java since 2017.
It features strong null safety, immutable collections (e.g., List, Set, and Map), Coroutines, and much more.
Popularity Among These Programming Languages in 2023
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All these ten languages follow a great scope of app, software, and web development. These programming languages are becoming an addition to the vocabulary of emerging technologies. Intetics is actively using such languages to give you the best-customized software. To learn about Intetics, visit the official site Intetics.com today!